THE TITLE OF SKRIPSI :
AN ANALYSIS OF DEATH AS SEEN IN EDGAR ALLAN POE’S POEMS THE SLEEPER, SPIRITS OF THE DEATH, LENORE, AND SONNET TO MY MOTHER
Fuad, Ahmad. 2008 : An Analysis of Death As Seen in Edgar Allan Poe’s Poems The Sleeper, Spirits of The Death, Lenore, and Sonnet to My Mother
Advisor : Tri Budhi, M.Pd.
Key word : Death, Edgar Allan Poe, Poem, The Sleeper, Spirits of The Dead, Lenore, Sonnet to My Mother
Language is the principle means used by human beings to communicate wit one another. Language is primarily spoken, although it can be transferred to another medium, such as writing. Writing can be viewed in one sense as a more permanent physical record of spoken language. Literature as a form of written language was basically born as a communication mean, as literature can be classified into informative literature or literature of knowledge and imaginative literature or literature of power. The first is the literature that aims to give the facts and knowledge, while the second tends to entertain. The form of literature includes prose, poetry, and drama.
Poetry is simply another way we can express our feeling to the world and others. The purpose of this study is based on the following problems. They are: (1) How does Edgar Allan Poe describe the death in his four poems? (2) What do the symbols of death appear in his four poems? And (3) Why is Edgar Allan Poe interested in writing his poems with topic of death?. Here, the researcher will focus the study on the Edgar Allan Poe’s four poems which involve the death. They are The Sleeper, Spirits of the Dead, Lenore, and Sonnet to My Mother.
As the basis of the problems, the researcher uses qualitative and documentary analysis. The theories include the correlation between the author’s biography and his literary works, and Edgar Allan Poe interest with the topic of death in his poems. This study uses extrinsic method and expressive approach.
All the materials are taken from Edgar Allan Poe’s four poems that reflect the death. From the data which have been analyzed, it is found that Poe’s interests with the topic of death are reflected in his four poems. This evidence supports the researcher to make a conclusion that Edgar Allan Poe has written all his poems based on his experiences. Beside that, he used symbols so deeply meaning and romantic. Even though, most of his poem is death. Therefore, this study will give a model for te students in analyzing the correlation between the psychological aspects of the author and his literary works, some reference in studying literature, especially about the poem and at as encourage the other to do future research.