AN ANALYSIS OF JONATHAN’S STRUGGLE AS THE MAIN CHARACTER IN BRAM STOKER’S NOVEL “DRACULA”
Asih Widya.A. 2011. An Analysis of Jonathan’s Struggle as the Main Character in Bram Stoker’s Novel “ Dracula”.
Skripsi, English Department, Unirow Tuban, Advisor : Dr. Tri Budi Susatyo
Literary is simply another way we can experience the world us through out imagination. Literature is this broadest sense maybe classified into two. First, literature of knowledge of informative literature. Its function is to present information, to teach and to offer knowledge. The examples are history books, scientific articles, dictionary, etc. secondly, literature of power or imaginative literature. Its function is to entertain, to move, to arouse thought and feelings. The examples are novels, short stories, poems, plays ,etc.
A novel is a part of literary works that has length form is able to store all aspects of life that is written in prose.
The purpose of the study is to find out the answer of statement problems: what Jonathan’s Struggle is, what the cause of Jonathan’s Struggle success is, and finally how the end of Jonathan’s Struggle is.
The study uses descriptive qualitative research design. It means that does not use numbers or calculation to process the data but put on the quotation taken from the novel and describes them in order to give clear explanation and support her assumption.
The result of the research can be concluded as follows: first, what Jonathan’s Struggle is. Jonathan’s Struggle is to fight and hunt the strongest vampire, Count Dracula. Secondly, the cause of Jonathan’s Struggle success is. Jonathan is helped by their two friends, Arthur and Professor Van Helsing in fighting Dracula. Finally, at the end of his struggle. Jonathan can find Dracula who not in moving situation in his box with his friends helping. So, he can kill Dracula. In the end, Dracula was died. And they and many people life in fearless.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
As social beings, we like telling people about things that happen to us and we like to hear of things that happen to the other people. From description above, we can say that literature is simply another way we can experience the world us through out imagination. So for application of it, Braham Little (1996) divides literary works into four kinds., drama, novel, poetry and short story. The writer will discuss novel “ DRACULA” written by Bram Stoker. The writer discuss Jonathan’s struggle as a main character of novel. But before that, it is necessary to know a little about novel. Novel is a part of literary works that has length form is able to store all aspect of life that is written in prose.
At last, the writer is interested in analyzing the main character of Bram Stoker’s novel “ Dracula” because it has not been discussed yet. When the writer was introduced to literature, she began to think that within literature lies a great lesson to learn, studying the major course, that is linguistic learn and language skills. The writer wants to discuss Jonathan’s struggle as a main character of novel with the hope that she may get some experience of life and know how much important the struggle is. So in this point, she choose the title an Analysis of Jonathan’s Struggle as a Main Character in Bram Stoker’s “Dracula” as the topic of this discussion.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Nowadays, we often meet some problems of human life. The problems between one person and another’s difference because it is influenced by background of life. The writer explains the problem that is related with Jonathan’s struggle. Before the writer write the title an Analysis of Jonathan’s Struggle as a Main Character in Bram Stoker’s “Dracula”, she presents the following questions.
- what is characterization of the main character in the novel?
- what is Jonathan’s struggle?
- what is the cause Jonathan’s struggle success?
- how is the end of Jonathan’s struggle?
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
Based of the problems above, the objectives of the study are as follows:
- the writer wants to know the characterization of the main character in the novel.
- the writer wants to know Jonathan’s struggle
- the writer wants to find the cause Jonathan’s struggle success.
- the writer wants to find the end of Jonathan’s struggle.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
By discussing this topic, the writer wants to have great knowledge of literature and know more experience of life through finding Jonathan’s struggle as a main character. The readers will be able to add their knowledge, to get amusement, and also know how much important the struggle in the life. So that, it enables them to deepen the awareness of life.
1.5 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study focuses on the discussion onto Jonathan’s struggle as a main character through the analysis of all subject matter but it does not mean that the other elements are not involved in this discussion. Therefore, the writer choose the title an Analysis of Jonathan’s Struggle as a Main Character in Bram Stoker’s “Dracula” to be analyzed.
1.6 DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS
Before discussing about the skripsi further, it is necessary for the writer to define key term related with the title of the skripsi
1.6.1 Analysis is The separation of a substance into its constituent elements, usually by chemical means, for the study and identification of each component. ( The American Heritage)
1.6.2 Characterization is the depicting of clear image of a person ( William Kenney. 1966:94)
1.6.3 Main character is the character who play the most important role in the play ( Jacob Sumardjo and Saini KM.1988:144)
1.6.4 Struggle is To strive, or to make efforts, with a twisting, or with contortions of the body. (Abraham Lincoln)
1.6.5 Dracula is a novel written by Bram Stoker
1.7 RESEARCH METHOD
According to A.S. Hornby is this book “ the Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English, methodology is divided from the word “method” meaning the way of doing something. And logos/logic is research. So, Methodology is the way of doing research done by the researcher (1974:533).
1.7.1 Research Design
The writer tries to do through library research. It belongs to qualitative research. It means that it is the analysis of text of literary work without using number and calculation to process the data.
1.7.2 Source of Data and Research Data
Source of Data in this study is a novel “Dracula’. The writer’s research data is Jonathan’s Struggle as a main character found in “Dracula” written by Bram Stoker.
1.7.3 Procedure of Collecting and Analyzing Data
After the novel and data were collected, the writer analyzes them through the way of the content analysis is a procedure for categorization of data, for the purpose of classification and referring to the writer problems. The process of collecting and analyzing data by the writer can be described as follow: after then she identifies the data by giving symbol for each problem which is found in the novel. The writer also groups the data based on the problem. In the last, she describes the data and summarizes the findings.
The writer: Asih Widya.A.